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A Journal on Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Minerva Ginecologica 2011 August;63(4):315-23

language: Italian

Laparoscopic surgery for endometrial cancer in overweight women

Seracchioli R., Mabrouk M., De Iaco P., Facchini C., Vicenzi C., Di Donato N., Montanari G., Venturoli S.

Centro di Chirurgia, Ginecologica Mini-invasiva, Unità di Ginecolocia e Medicina Riproduttiva Ospedale S. Orsola-Malpighi, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italia


AIM:The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic staging of overweight women with endometrial cancer and to compare the surgical outcomes among these patients with those managed by laparotomy.
METHODS:This was a retrospective analysis (Canadian Task-force Classification II-3). We reviewed operative and hospital records of 70 patients with a body mass index >25 kg/m2 who underwent surgical treatment for endometrial cancer between 2001 and 2008. Thirty-five patients treated laparoscopically were compared to an equivalent group of patients treated by laparotomy. Operative and postoperative variables were afterwards assessed.
RESULTS: Women in laparoscopic group had a significantly lower blood loss (median, 25th-75th percentiles: 1.2, 0.8-2.0 in laparoscopic versus 1.8, 1.0-2.8 in laparotomic group, P<0.05). No differences between both group in terms of operative time (median, 25th-75th percentiles: 165 min, 130-183 in laparoscopic versus 135 min, 110-170 in laparotomic; P>0.05) and mean number of pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes removed (22±8.4 versus 24±6.2 and 9.2±2.5 versus 9.3±5 respectively; P>0.05). Length of urethral catheter and hospital stay were statistically higher in laparotomic group (two days versus three days; four days versus seven days respectively; P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery in overweight women with endometrial cancer had equivalent surgical staging than women operated by laparotomy. With regard to postsurgical variables, overweight women who underwent laparoscopic surgery had better results than those treated by laparotomy.

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