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MINERVA GINECOLOGICA

A Journal on Obstetrics and Gynecology


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Minerva Ginecologica 2011 April;63(2):157-69

language: English

Endocrine disorders and medically assisted procreation

Luk J.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductives Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA


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A normal endocrine environment is imperative to maintain normal reproduction in women. The major endocrine organs that play a part in the reproductive system include hypothalamic pituitary axis, adrenal gland, thyroid gland, and the ovary. Each endocrine organ is in close communication and relationship with one another. Any endocrine disorders that significantly affect any of these organs would disrupt reproduction resulting in infertility. In this review, we will provide an overview of the common endocrine disorders and the available medical management including assisted reproductive technology (ART) and hormonal supplementation to overcome the endocrine disorders in order to achieve fertility for the female patients.

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janelle.luk@yale.edu