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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1650
Giancotti A., Spagnuolo A., D’Ambrosio V., Pasquali G., Muto B., De Gado F.
Dipartimento di Ginecologia ed Ostetricia, Policlinico Umberto I, Università degli Studi “La Sapienza”, Roma
AIM: Systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the most common autoimmune disease associated with pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate management and outcome of pregnancy complicated by SLE.
METHODS: Twenty pregnant women affected by SLE were admitted to Prenatal Diagnosis Centre of University “Sapienza” from January 2007 to July 2009. Pregnancy was monitored from diagnosis to delivery by at least a monthly consultation. At each visit general blood laboratory assessment were registered. An ultrasound examination was performed to evaluate fetal growth. From 26 weeks of gestation an estimation of fetal weight was calculated according to the standard of Lubchenco. At birth newborns weight was registered.
RESULTS: Patient mean age was 32.9 years. There were 18 live births (90%), and 2 spontaneous abortions; 50% of pregnancy ended with a preterm delivery. 20% of the patient had signs of disease activity during pregnancy. Fifteen percent of women presented gestational hypertension. An high rate of small for gestational age was registered and 2 cases of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Ultrasound evaluation at 28-30 weeks of gestation showed a normal weight (≥50th percentile) in 83% fetuses. Only 45% of the newborns presented a weight ≥50th percentile. The mean weight of the newborns was 2700 grams.
CONCLUSION: Pregnancy outcome could be improved by close obstetrical and ultrasound monitoring in a multidisciplinary setting.