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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1650
Gültekin M. 1, Dogan N. U. 2, Aksan G. 3, Ozgul N. 1
1 Department of Cancer Control, Turkish Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey;
2 Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Hospital, , Ankara, Turkey;
3 Baskent University Faculty of Medicine,, Istanbul, Turkey
Endometrial hyperplasia is a commonly seen clinical entity. A great majority of patients present with abnormal uterine bleeding. Unopposed estrogen either from an endogenous or exogenous source is the most important etiologic factor. Etiologic evaluation and cause specific treatment is a must for these patients instead of direct biopsies and treatments. Clinical importance of this pathological entity is the underlying risk of carrying a concomitant genital cancer and the potential risk of progression to endometrial carcinoma during the follow-up. Despite to a great effort on research and a long history of the disease in the medical literature; we still do not have a practical and accurate system available to use during daily practice in order to differentiate the real precancerous lesions. Treatment of endometrial hyperplasia depends on the patient’s age, fertility desire and the type of present hyperplasia. Progestagens are still the most commonly used medical treatment modality in these patients. Response rates are higher in cases without atypia. In selected cases, hysterectomy may be performed as a definitive treatment modality. In this review article current management of the endometrial hyperplasia is summarized in the light of associated literature.