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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1650
Driul L. 1, Del Neri C. 2, Bertozzi S. 1, Londero A. P. 1, Petrovec M. M. 1, Di Benedetto P. 2, Marchesoni D. 1
Clinica di Ginecologia ed Ostetricia Università degli Studi di Udine, Udine, Italia
Aim. Urinary incontinence is a classical sign of childbirth-related perineal trauma, the prevalence of which is estimated, depending on age, at between 10% and 50%. Pelviperineal rehabilitation offers an excellent opportunity to prevent pelviperineal disorders. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of urinary incontinence and pelviperineal disorders in the local context, and also that of pelviperineal rehabilitation.
Methods. Of the 1 793 women who gave birth in Udine in 2006, 900 primipara and secondipara Caucasians with single term pregnancies dated ultrasonically to be within 20 weeks of gestation, were selected. A total of 602 of them were contacted by telephone and two questionnaires were administered.
Results. The prevalence of pelviperineal rehabilitation in our population was 4.49%, while that of pelviperineal disorders was much higher, at around 40.20%. The prevalence of urinary incontinence was due in 27.57% of cases to stress and in 14.45% to urgency, with an overlap in 9.8% of cases and a story of prior incontinence in 9.97%. The prevalence of urinary urgency in women subjected to rehabilitation is significantly lower than in those not treated (P=0.004). Dyspareunia represents 16.11% of cases, coital incontinence 0.33%. One case of gas incontinence emerged but there was no case of faecal incontinence.
Conclusion. Pelviperineal rehabilitation in the observed population has a very low prevalence, especially if compared with the high prevalence of disturbances related to dysfunctions of the pelvic floor during postpartum.