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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1650
Sopracordevole F. 1, Cigolot F. 2, Lucia E. 1, Marchesini D. 1
1 Struttura Ospedaliera Complessa di Ginecologia Oncologica Centro di Riferimento Oncologico di Aviano Pordenone, Italia
2 Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica Università degli Studi di Udine Udine, Italia
Aim. Knowledge of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and related genital lesions and vaccine is related to the success of the vaccination program. Authors have assessed knowledge, attitudes and beliefs on HPV and vaccination in a sample of women, in order to optimize any educational interventions.
Methods. This study enrolled 212 consecutive women with no history of HPV-related genital lesions by means of an anonymous questionnaire. The questionnaire included 21 questions (19 with a multiple choice and 2 with open answers) to check awareness of HPV infection and related lesions, HPV transmission, vaccine and vaccination program expectations, sexual/precautionary behaviours after vaccination and the need felt for more information.
Results. Forty-two percent of women in the study population know about HPV-related genital lesions, and 43% are aware of the right way of transmission; 75% have learned about the vaccine. In this last group 28% know that the vaccine efficiency is mainly limited to the HPV types included in the vaccine, 19.8% know that one of the vaccines can also prevent genital condylomata and 88% have heard about this vaccination program.
Conclusion. There is still a lack of information or access to information about HPV and more needs to be done to raise awareness of HPV vaccination. A percentage of 74.4 of women wish to receive more information and thinks that schools and family planning clinics should play a central role in teenagers’ health education. There is a need to further train the health workers involved in the vaccination program in order to optimize their counselling to teenagers and parents.