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A Journal on Obstetrics and Gynecology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Ginecologica 2008 August;60(4):311-6
Body composition estimated by bioimpedance analysis in Sicilian climateric women
Le Donne M. 1, Metro D. 2, Anoldo R. 2, De Meo L. 3, La Galia T. 1, Muraca U. 2, Cancellieri F. 1
1 Department of Gynecological, Obstetric Sciences and Reproductive Medicine, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
2 Department of Biochemical, Physiological and Nutritional Sciences, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
3 Department of Financial, Social and Environment Economics, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of menopause transition on body weight, and body composition in a Sicilian climateric population.
Methods. Two hundred and nine (60 pre- and one 149 postmenopausal) untreated, healthy women were selected. Body composition was estimated by BIA101 of AKERN SRL. Body Mass Index (BMI), waist and hip circumferences were also measured.
Results. The mean BMI of the study population was 29.4±0.7. There was no significative difference between pre- and postmenopausal subjects regarding BMI (χ2=9.25; P=0.16), its class distribution, fat mass (FM), TBW and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). The FM was significantly more represented in pre- than in postmenopausal women (47.43±1.33 vs 45.02±0.81 kg) (P<0.01). Linear regression analysis showed a positive correlation between BMI and fat free mass (FM) percentage (χ2=0.7045) nevertheless among the subjects aged ≥55 years, in 57% of the normoweight the body fat (BF) percentage was undesirably high.
Conclusion. Climacteric changes and aging process are related to changes in body weight and fat distribution; even subjects apparently “normo-weight” (BMI below 25) were “over-fat”, because revealed indesirably high BF%. Further investigation in larger population is needed to define whether BMI or BF% better predicts the risk of obesity-related diseases in climateric Sicilian women.