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A Journal on Obstetrics and Gynecology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Ginecologica 2007 December;59(6):591-4
Fertility after non-surgical management of the symptomatic first-trimester spontaneous abortion
Fontanarosa M., Galiberti S., Fontanarosa N.
Department of Gynecology, Perinatology and Human Reproduction, Policlinico di Careggi, Florence, Italy
Aim. The aim of this study was to assess clinical outcome after a non-surgical management of the symptomatic spontaneous abortion in the first-trimester of pregnancy in a level III maternity hospital and to assess the subsequent fertility of the study population.
Methods. A prospective study in which 70 women with a symptomatic early pregnancy loss undergone an expectant management of miscarriage was performed. If resolution was not obtained after 4 days, medical treatment with misoprostol was administered. The patients were followed-up after the first menstrual cycle with a medical examination and an ultrasound scan. After 12 months, the patients were interviewed by phone to investigate on possible complications of abortion and on the occurrence of new pregnancies.
Results. The non-surgical management of miscarriage was successful in 68 out of 70 women (97%). Surgical intervention was necessary in 2 of 70 women (3%). Bleeding and pain were described as slightly more than a normal menstrual cycle. Among the 60 patients that answered at the 12-month follow-up (85.7%), none reported gynecological troubles and the subsequent pregnancy rate of the women was 81%.
Conclusion. Expectant management of selected cases of spontaneous abortion, associated to medical treatment in indicated cases, could offer a valid alternative to dilatation and curettage.