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A Journal on Obstetrics and Gynecology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Ginecologica 2007 December;59(6):585-9
Comparison between lymphocytic infiltration in early spontaneous abortions and in elective abortions with signs of disruption at the chorio-decidual interface
Unità Operativa Anatomia e Istologia Patologica e Citodiagnostica, ASL2 Ospedale San Paolo Savona, Savona, Italia
Aim. The aim of the study was to compare lymphocytic infiltrations in early spontaneous abortions with those with signs of disruption at the chorio-decidual interface in elective abortions. Determinations were performed on preparations received at the Anatomy-Pathology Services of Ospedale San Paolo, Savona (Italy) in 2005.
Methods. Immunohistochemistry studies were performed using antisera CD3, CD4 and CD14 with a DAB detection kit on a Ventana BenchMark automated slide staining system. The material was grouped into three classes: early spontaneous abortions (class1); elective abortions with signs of disruption at the chorio-decidual interface (class 2); elective abortions without such signs (class 3).
Results. Preparations from classes 1 and 2 shared a similar picture of lymphocytic activation and the presence of macrophagic elements. The test results demonstrated that the proportion of the T cell population increased with the rise in CD8+ lymphocytes in both class 1 and class 2 preparations.
Conclusion. The results indicate that T-cell-mediated immune activation may the cause or one of the causes of spontaneous abortion and that the effects of disruption at the chorio-decidual interface observed in elective abortion provide a clue to initial signs of loss of pregnancy. From the discovery of a population without evident signs of active abortion (elective abortion with a disturbed chorio-decidual interface) but with evidence of initial lymphocytic activation compared with that devoid of such signs (elective abortion) one can conjecture that lymphocytic activation is a major factor in the process leading to early spontaneous abortion.