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Minerva Ginecologica 2007 February;59(1):27-34

language: Italian

Fertility after surgery for rAFS stage III and IV endometriosis

Monti B., Varisco E., Cortese M., Calienno C., Iedà N.

Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica, Istituto di Scienze Biomediche San Gerardo, Monza, Milano, Italia


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Aim. The aim of this paper was to assess the impact on fertility of surgery to eradicate endometriosis.
Methods. One-hundred and twenty-six patients aged between 20 and 40 were observed. All wished to have offspring after the operation and were subjected to conservative surgery for stage III and IV endometriosis (rAFS score > 16) in the period 1992-2002. The type of surgical approach was chosen in consideration of the patient’s clinical condition and on the basis of the experience of the surgeon, with the aim of radically removing the disease and, where necessary, restoring fertility.
Results. Fifty-six of 126 patients (44.4%) conceived after the operation; 55 spontaneously and 1 with assisted fecundation. Of the patients observed who became pregnant, about 1/3 (32%) conceived within 6 months of the operation and 1/3 (31%) after 12 months. Forty-four (78.5%) pregnancies reached term with a positive outcome, 7 (12.5%) were in progress at the moment of follow-up, 4 (7.1%) suffered a miscarriage and 1 (1.7%) was extrauterine; 48.2% (27/56 patients) of the pregnancies were stage III, 40% (28/70 patients) were stage IV.
Conclusion. It emerges clearly from the data extrapolated from our series that surgery to eradicate endometriosis increases the fertility of the patients affected, without being resolutive: more than half the patients in fact remained sterile in spite of the operation.

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