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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Salvatores M. 1,2, Pellegrini P. 1, Botchorishvili R. 1, Canis M. 1, Pouly J.-L. 1, Mage G. 1, Wattiez A. 1,2
1 Polyclinique de l’Hotel Dieu University of Clermont-Ferrand Clermont-Ferrand, France
2 IRCAD-EITS University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
Aim. Aim of the study is to evaluate long term results of 100 patients treated laparoscopically to repair genital prolapse and urinary incontinence.
Methods. A retrospective review analysis of 100 women, who underwent laparoscopic genital prolapse repair at Primary Referral University Hospital in Clermont-Ferrand. Patients characteristics, preoperatory exams, intraoperative, postoperative and outpatient clinic data were collected and analyzed.
Results. The mean operative time was 172 minutes. One laparotomy conversion was required, due to a technical problem. The mean hospitalization stay was 4.7 days. Two patients required a reintervention during their hospitalization stay, due to a complication. All the patients were reviewed during the 6 months later the intervention. The follow-up is between 6 months and 3 years. The average degree of cystocele and hysterocele was ameliorated from stage 3 to stage 0, the average stage of rectocele was ameliorated from stage 2 to stage 0, finally the average stage of vault prolapse was ameliorated from stage 1 to stage 0. The incidence of genuine stress incontinence was 47% in the preoperative time and only 4% at the long follow-up. We had a total 4% rate of mesh vaginal erosion.
Conclusions. The laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is an effective and safe technique to repair the major pelvic prolapses.