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A Journal on Obstetrics and Gynecology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Ginecologica 2002 August;54(4):361-8
HRT in post-menopausal women: endometrial histology and bleeding patterns
Lo Dico G., Alongi G., Spinelli M. P., Cannariato P., Lucido A. M.
Background. In this open prospective study the correlation between bleeding patterns and endometrial histology has been evaluated in 101 postmenopausal women after 2 years of continuous sequential hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
Methods. All patients received continuous transdermal 17-b-estradiol supplementation, 0.05 mg/daily, with cyclic progestogen for 12 days every month. The progestogen was: dydrogesterone 10 mg/daily (56 cases); nomegestrol 5 mg/daily (15 cases); MAP 10 mg/daily (15 cases); norethisterone 0.25 mg/daily (15 cases). The changes in the characteristics of bleeding pattern and endometrial biopsy were performed in 90 of 101 patients, at the 10-12th of progestogen therapy.
Results. The endometrial pattern was secretory in 60 cases, proliferative in 5 and atrophic in 22. In 3 cases the endometrial histology showed a simple hyperplasia. The bleeding generally starts 2 days after the end of progestogen therapy (13th ± 2.9 day), with a mean duration of 4 days (4 ± 2.8); in 21 patients (~20%) the bleeding is reduced. The endometrial histological characteristics haven't any influence on the bleeding pattern.
Conclusions. In this study there was a low incidence of simple hyperplasia (3%), but the characteristics of bleeding don't permit to suspect this hyperplasia.