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A Journal on Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Minerva Ginecologica 2001 August;53(4):257-78

language: Italian

HRT: the state of the art

Grio R., Febo G., Colla F., Nicolosi M. G.


Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in postmenopause represents the most advanced frontier of preventive medicine in a rapidly evolving society that aims to emphasise, today as in the past, the leading role of women. While modern medicine has extended the average life expectancy of women today, it is now the task to enhance the quality of these extra years. HRT prevents cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, disorders relating to changes in pelvic connective tissue and genitourinary tissues, and it can also have a positive influence on the psycho-affective sphere and, perhaps, alterations in cognitive capacity. Cultural delays and alternate phases of optimism and alarm are not always backed by solid scientific knowledge. Epidemiological research over the past years has underlined the oncological risk of using estrogens, even if associated with progestin, without the necessary methodological clarity and efficacy. From the data reported in the international literature and on the basis of over ten years' experience accumulated at Department B of Gynecology and Obstetrics of Turin University, it appears that the oncogenic risk in women taking HRT is not significantly higher if the indications are strictly respected and, when necessary, progestin is associated with estrogen.

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