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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1650
Colla F., Alba E., Grio R.
Background. This study aimed to outline the clinical physiognomy of maternal morbidity in multiple pregnancies in order to improve maternal and feto-neonatal.
Methods. We reviewed the admissions to Department B of the Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic at Turin University during the decade 1989-1998. Out of 17,445 pregnancies, we noted a 205 multiple pregnancies (1.17%), including 199 sets of twins, 5 triplets and 1 quadruplets. The percentages for the incidence of the various forms of maternal morbidity were compared to a control group of 1000 single births.
Results. Of 205 multiple pregnancies, 169 (82.43%) presented complications of varying severity and associated with statistically significant increase (always over 50%). These took the form of: premature birth (75.12%), PROM (28.29%), threat of premature birth (14.63%), phlebectasia (9.75%), anemia (8.78%), hyperemesis in the first quarter (8.29%), abortion (4.89%), polyhydramnios (4.39%), urinary tract infection (1.95%), detachment of the placenta (1.95%), liver pathology (1.46%), placenta previa (0.97%).
Conclusions. The pathological picture revealed by this survey may seriously jeopardise the normal evolution of pregnancy, with severe repercussions for mother and fetus-neonate. These high-risk pregnancies should be included in a preventive programme of medical-social-outpatient and home assistance to guarantee early hospitalisation.