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Minerva Ginecologica 2000 January-February;52(1-2):5-10

language: Italian

Lifestyle and drinking habits during pregnancy

Carta G., D'Alfonso A., Iovenitti P., Matteucci M., Mascaretti G., Moscarini M.


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Background. It has been reported that a high consumption of alcohol during pregnancy is correlated to fetal alcohol syndrome and other perinatal problems. Less is known about the effects linked to moderate and limited drinking during pregnancy.
Methods. A study was carried out in 140 pregnant women: the mean age was 33.05±5.22, whereas the gestational age was 28.56±12.1 weeks (range 5-42). Each woman was asked to compile a form giving personal details and details of psychosocial behaviour, a lifestyle questionnaire (CAGE) and a form entitled ''How much do you drink'' based on SQQ.
Results. 22.2% of women reported that they had drunk alcohol during the month prior to the interview. Of these, 15% had not altered their habits, 0.8% had increased their alcohol consumption and 6.4% had reduced it. Wine was the form of alcohol most frequently consumed. Only one woman was positive to the SQQ test, and only one pregnant woman was positive to CAGE.
Conclusions. This study shows that dietary behaviour was correct in the majority of cases.

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