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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1650
Montanari L., Alfei A., Drovanti A., Lepadatu C., Lorenzi D., Facchini D., Iervasi M. T., Sampaolo P.
Background. The aim of this study is to evaluate accuracy of transvaginal sonographic examination of the lower uterine segment in pregnant women with previous cesarean section.
Methods. Sixty-one pregnant women between 37 and 40 weeks of gestation, with previous cesarean section underwent transvaginal ultrasonography. Wall thickness of the lower uterine segment, the length of cervix, dilation of the isthmus uteri were measured. On the basis of the surgical findings (in 53 patients) and outcome of the trial of labor (in 8 patients) a Score was assigned to the pregnant women: Score 1 to the women who had good healing or a trial of labor without complications; Score 2 to the women with a thin or discontinued scar and in case of threatened rupture of the uterus in the trial of labor.
Results. The mean thickness of the lower uterine segment is 3.82 mm±0.99 mm. The Score 1 group shows a mean thickness of 4.2 mm±2.5 mm, and the Score 2 group a mean thickness of 2.8 mm±1.06 mm. The transvaginal sonographic examination provides a sensitivity and a specificity respectively of 100 and 75%, for a thickness cut-off of 3.5 mm, and a positive and negative predictive values of 60.7% and 100% respectively.
Conclusions. The transvaginal sonographic evaluation of the lower uterine segment improves therefore the obstetrical decision-making regarding the trial of labor in women with previous cesarean section.