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A Journal on Obstetrics and Gynecology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Ginecologica 1999 January-February;51(1-2):31-4
Acute pancreatitis and deep vein thrombosis associated with HELLP syndrome
Paternoster D. M., Rodi J., Santarossa C., Vanin M., Simioni P., Girolami A.
The HELLP syndrome (HS) belongs to the list of obstetric complications believed to be associated with coagulation disorders. It was formerly thought that chronic intravascular clotting (DIC) in the placental vessels was the main cause. A hypercoagulable state has been reported in cases of severe HS associated with microvascular abnormalities that may involve cerebral, placental, hepatic and renal vessels. A case of acute pancreatitis and DVT of inferior cava in a pregnant woman, presenting with HS at 29 weeks, who was found to have a R506Q mutation, is reported. Preeclampsia-associated pancreatitis and DVT have rarely been reported. It is hypothesized that APC-R and Factor V Leiden mutation may prove to be new and more important markers capable of predicting a more significant maternal morbidity associated with HS. Thrombosis prophylaxis may be considered during pregnancy in order to reduce hazardous multiorgan failure (MOF) in women who are heterozygous for Factor V Leiden mutation.