Home > Journals > Minerva Endocrinologica > Past Issues > Minerva Endocrinologica 2012 March;37(1) > Minerva Endocrinologica 2012 March;37(1):75-92

CURRENT ISSUE
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints

MINERVA ENDOCRINOLOGICA

A Journal on Endocrine System Diseases


Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,118


eTOC

 

  GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY


Minerva Endocrinologica 2012 March;37(1):75-92

language: English

Anomalies in the inflammatory response in endometriosis and possible consequences: a review

Khoufache K., Michaud N., Harir N., Kibangou Bondza P. , Akoum A.

Unité d’Endocrinologie de la Reproduction, Centre de Recherche Hôpital Saint-François d’Assise, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec (CHUQ), Faculté de Médecine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada


PDF  


Defined by the presence of endometrial-like cells outside the uterus, endometriosis is one of the most diagnosed gynecological disorders, affecting 5 to 10 % of reproductive age women, but the true incidence is unknown. Endometriosis is a major cause of pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, infertility and menstrual irregularities, but there is no clear correlation between the symptoms and the extent of the disease. Despite decades of intensive investigations, little is known about the pathogenesis of endometriosis. The disease is often associated with chronic pelvic inflammation. Abnormal levels of immune cells such macrophages, dendritic and natural killer cells were found in the peritoneal cavity of patients. However these cells seem to be unable to detect and eliminate ectopic endometrial cells. Several studies showed that peritoneal immune cells are dysfunctional and may rather contribute to endometriosis development. A review of relevant clinical and scientific studies was carried out. This review sheds light on cellular and immunological pro-inflammatory changes which were observed in patients with endometriosis, their impact on angiogenesis, apoptosis, extracellular matrix remodeling and hormonal production and consequences on fertility.

top of page

Publication History

Cite this article as

Corresponding author e-mail

ali.akoum@crsfa.ulaval.ca