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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,118
Online ISSN 1827-1634
GASTRO-ENDOCRINOLOGY: A NEW AREA OR A NEW APPROACH TO KNOW DISEASE?
Cuomo R., D’Alessandro A., Andreozzi P., Vozzella L., Sarnelli G.
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
The gastrointestinal system can be considered the gateway for food entry in our body. Rather than being a passive player, it is now clear that gut strongly influence the feeding behavior and contribute to maintain energy balance with different signals. The aim of this review is to summarize the current knowledge about the role of gastrointestinal tract in the control of food intake, by focusing on the interplay existing between the enteric nervous system and gastrointestinal hormones and their ability to modulate digestive motility and sensitivity. Also the latest advances about the contribution of gut microbiota and gastrointestinal taste receptors are described. From the reported data it clearly emerges that gut hormones together with nervous signals likely contribute to the regulation of energy balance and modulate food intake through the control of digestive motility and sensations. The close linkage among gastrointestinal hormones, the gut and the central nervous systems appears very intriguing and has induced the development of a new field of research: the gastroendocrinology.