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A Journal on Endocrine System Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,118
Minerva Endocrinologica 2011 June;36(2):107-15
Effect of oxidative stress on aorta and tibia osteoprotegerin gene expression in ovariectomized rats
Aydin H. 1, Deyneli O. 2, Yavuz D. 2, Yüksel M. 3, Tarçin Ö. 4, Yazici D. 5, Tu€tepe H. 2, Akalin S. 2 ✉
1 Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeditepe University Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey;
2 Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism Department of Internal Medicine, Marmara University Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey;
3 Marmara University Vocational School of Health Professionals, Istanbul, Turkey;
4 Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Siyami Ersek Educational and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey;
5 Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kosuyolu Educational and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey;
6 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Marmara University Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey
Aim. Atherosclerosis and osteoporosis share some common pathophysiological pathways. Increase in oxidative stress and activation of cytokines that increase osteoclastogenesis were reported in postmenopausal period. The aim of this study was to determine the link between these two states.
Methods. A total of 32 female adult Wistar albino rats were included in the study. Rats in control group were sham operated, vehicle group were ovariectomized and given 17.5%hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin. Rats in group III and IV were ovariectomized and given 17β-estradiol or raloxifene for 12 weeks, respectively. Aorta and tibia bone samples were collected. Tissue oxidative stress was determined via measurement of malondialdehyde levels and osteoprotegerin gene expression with RT-PCR.
Results. Ovariectomy increased MDA levels both in bone and aorta compared to sham operated rats. Use of 17β-estradiol or raloxifene did not create a significant difference compared to ovariectomized rats. Ovariectomy caused a significant decrease in OPG gene expression in the tibia and aorta compared to sham operated rats. Although 17β-estradiol and raloxifene preserved gene expression in aorta they did not have any effect on bone tissue. OPG mRNA expression was negatively correlated with tissue MDA levels only in ovariectomized rats.
Conclusion. This study confirms the increase in ovariectomy-induced oxidative stress and association of it to bone and vascular tissue OPG mRNA expression.