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A Journal on Endocrine System Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,118
Minerva Endocrinologica 2007 March;32(1):17-21
language: English, Italian
Erectile vascular dysfunction and analysis of the risk factors related to it. Clinical experience
La Vignera S. 1, Calogero A. E. 1, Cannizzaro M. A. 2, Vicari E. 1
1 Unit of Endocrinology, Andrology and Internal Medicine Department of Biomedical Sciences, Garibaldi Hospital, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
2 Endocrinological Surgery Unit S.Luigi-Currò Hospital University of Catania, Catania, Italy
Aim. Preliminarily we analyzed the rate incidence of organic and psychological causes of erectile dysfunction in large cohort of patients observed during last year. Particularly we wanted to analyze the factors of risk correlated to the vascular erectile dysfunction.
Methods. The epidemiological study has been conducted on a cohort of 101 patients (age 25-75 years) suffering from erectile dysfunction since 1-10 years (average: 2.6 years) and administrated during the last year by the Institute of Andrology at the University of Catania.
Results. The organic erectile dysfunction had a frequency more elevated in comparison to the psychological erectile dysfunction, respectively engraving in 54.5% and in 45.5%. Between the organic causes of erectile dysfunction, the vascular arterial forms of erectile dysfunction rappresented highest rates (32.7% of the pa-tients).The group of patients affected by vascular arterial erectile dysfunction showed several factors of risk, present in all the patients in single or combined way (comorbidity). The rate of such factors was >30% for 4 examined factors: hypertension (57.5%), smoke (45.4%), diabetes mellitus (39.3%), hyperlipidaemia (33.3%).
Conclusion. The erectile dysfunction is frequently associated to organic causes, prevalently of arterial vascular nature. The correction of the factors of risk could lead to a better control of the erectile dysfunction and reduce the extension of the vascular arterial damage to other districts.