Home > Journals > Minerva Chirurgica > Past Issues > Minerva Chirurgica 2016 December;71(6) > Minerva Chirurgica 2016 December;71(6):365-71

CURRENT ISSUE
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints
Cite this article as

MINERVA CHIRURGICA

A Journal on Surgery


Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,115


eTOC

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLES  


Minerva Chirurgica 2016 December;71(6):365-71

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Stapled anopexy versus transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization for hemorrhoidal disease: a three-year follow-up from a randomized study

Marco VENTURI 1, 2, Giovanni SALAMINA 3, Contardo VERGANI 1, 2

1 Department of General and Emergency Surgery, Maggiore Polyclinic Hospital, Ca’ Granda Foundation and Institute for Research and Care, Milan, Italy; 2 Section of Surgery, Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 3 ASST Ovest Milanese, Department of General Surgery, Ospedale Nuovo, Legnano, Milan, Italy


PDF  


BACKGROUND: This randomized study compared the medium-term results of stapled anopexy (SA) and transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization with anopexy (THD) in 4 homogeneous groups of patients, 2 with third- and 2 with fourth-degree hemorrhoids.
METHODS: Forty patients with third-degree and 30 with fourth-degree hemorrhoids were randomly submitted to SA (N.=20+15) and THD (N.=20+15), respectively. Clinical controls were done every 6 months from 1 to 42 months after the operation, with incidence of recurrent hemorrhoids as primary outcome measure. Operative time, complications, pain, time to return to normal activity, costs, Short Form-36, and overall patient satisfaction were also evaluated.
RESULTS: Frequencies of preoperative obstructed defecation symptoms and prolapse recurrence were higher in patients with fourth-degree hemorrhoids, and SA was more effective than THD in reducing the risk of recurrence at 36±6 months follow-up (P=0.049). Operative time, complications, pain, and time of return to normal activity were similar in the 4 groups. Costs were significantly higher for SA in patients with fourth-degree hemorrhoids (P>0.01). A significant improvement of quality of life was observed in all groups, and no significant difference was found in overall patient satisfaction.
CONCLUSIONS: Both techniques are safe and effective in the mid-term period. SA is more effective in reducing prolapse and obstructed defecation symptoms in fourth-degree hemorrhoids, with the disadvantage of higher costs. Prolapse size and presence of obstructed defecation symptoms could be predictive criteria for choice of the best surgical technique.

top of page

Publication History

Cite this article as

Venturi M, Salamina G, Vergani C. Stapled anopexy versus transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization for hemorrhoidal disease: a three-year follow-up from a randomized study. Minerva Chir 2016 December;71(6):365-71. 

Corresponding author e-mail

marvent-@virgilio.it