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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2013 August;68(4):409-13

language: English

Effect of surgery treatment on hypersplenism caused by cirrhotic portal hypertension

Lv Y. F. 1, Li X. Q. 2, Gong X. G. 1, Xie X. H. 1, Han X. Y. 1, Wang B. C. 1

1 Department of Surgery People’s Hospital of Hainan Province Haikou City, China;
2 Department of Thyroid, Mammary Gland and Blood Vessel Surgery Renmin Hospital Hubei University of Medicine Shiyan, China


Aim: Aim of the study was to summarize the types and quantities of peripheral hematocytopenia in the patients of hypersplenism caused by cirrhotic portal hypertension and investigate the effect of surgery, including splenectomy on the patient’s peripheral blood cells and liver function.
Methods: The quantities of peripheral blood cells in the 322 patients of hypersplenism, caused by cirrhotic portal hypertension, were retrospectively studied. Then, the preoperative and postoperative values of peripheral blood cells and liver function were compared in 266 patients who were followed up. The liver function was scored and graded according to Child-Pugh scoring system.
Results: The study enrolled 322 patients who showed hematocytopenia, including multi-hemocyte decrease in 206 patients (64%) and simple hemocyte decrease in 116 patients (36%). After surgical treatment in the 226 patients who were followed up, the quantities of peripheral blood cells significantly increased (P<0.01), Child-Pugh grade A increased by 32 patients (14.2%), while Child-Pugh grade C increased only by 2 patients (0.9%), the liver function scores decreased (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Hypersplenism caused by cirrhotic portal hypertension mainly manifests as a multi-hemocyte decrease and rarely shows single types of hematocytopenia. Surgical intervention including splenectomy can increase the reduction of hemocytes and promote the recovery of liver function.

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