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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2011 June;66(3):169-75

language: English

Bilio-intestinal bypass for the treatment of obesity

Della Barba A. 1, Lenna G. 1, Vellini S. 1, Maino M. 1, De Simone M. A. 1, Piegai F. 2, Riggio E. 2, Pappalardo R. A. 2

1 Department of General Surgery, Center for the Treatment of Pathological Obesity. Hospital IGEA, Milan, Italy;
2 Department of General Surgery, University of Milan, Milan, Italy


AIM: This study was a retrospective assessment of the results of bilio-intestinal bypass (a variation of the jejuno-ileal bypass, in which the intestinal blind loop is anastomosed to the gallbladder).
METHODS:Seventy-five patients underwent the Eriksson bilio-intestinal bypass since 2003 to January 2009. Mean weight prior to surgery was 115.17 (SD±17.74 kg; range 82-177 kg). Mean preoperative BMI (Body Mass Index) was 41.75 kg/m2 (SD±4.42; range 35-60). Primary criteria taken into consideration have been: weight loss, blood tests, reversal rate and complications.
RESULTS: One year after surgery BMI reported a mean decrease of 28.31% (SD±2.49%) from a mean of 41.75 to a mean 29.72. The mean follow-up is 26.81 months (SD±17.41 months; range 1-72 months). Blood glucose levels at one year follow-up were normalized, shifting from a mean of 138.5 (SD±23.8) to 86.2 (SD±2.6) mg/dL. Diabetic patients were all able to stop hypoglicemic drugs. Serum total cholesterol and triglycerides concentrations decreased of a mean of 31% and 44%. Morbidity was acceptable (two cases of enterorrhage, one biliary leak, one intra-abdominal abscess all treated conservatively). Reversal rate was 2.67%. No mortality was registered.
CONCLUSION:Bilio-intestinal bypass is effective in inducing weight loss and metabolic improvement. This procedure is particularly indicated for the heavily obese who do not accept alimentary restrictions but are willing to submit to long-term monitoring.

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