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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2011 April;66(2):95-100

language: English

Total fundoplication without division of the short gastric vessels: functional evaluation at one year and review of literature

Tosato F., Marano S., Luongo B., Paltrinieri G., Mattacchione S., Bezzi M.

Department of Surgery “F. Durante”, Policlinico “Umberto I”, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy


AIM: Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) has emerged as one of the most common diseases in modern civilization. We investigated functional evaluation after total fundoplication without division of short gastric vessels and review of literature.
METHODS: From January 2007 to June 2008 43 patients with chronic gastroesophageal reflux underwent laparoscopic Nissen-Rossetti fundoplication, 7 were lost during the follow-up. Patients underwent endoscopy, 24 hours pH-Metry, preoperatively, 6 months and 12 months after surgery. Articles were sourced from PubMed and Medline, using the MeSH terms “gastroesophageal reflux disease” and “laparoscopic surgery” and “fundoplication technique”. Selection of articles were based on peer review, journal, relevance and English language.
RESULTS: Endoscopic findings revealed complete healing of esophagitis in all patients. Barrett esophagus was still present. Six patients reported persistence of symptoms but postoperative pH-metry and endoscopy showed the absence of reflux; two patients (5.5%) were still on PPI therapy at 12 months. Seven patients (19.4%) reported dysphagia for solid for at least three months. Re-admission for dysphagia was required for two (5.5%) and one patient underwent to endoscopic dilatation. At six and 12 months no dysphagia was reported. During the follow-up no gas-bloat syndrome was referred. The Johnsson and DeMeester’s score reduction from six months to 12 months was statistically significant. Randomized and non-randomized studies seem to point out in a precise way that a division of short gastric vessels is unnecessary to perform a “short and floppy” placation.
CONCLUSION: Nissen-Rossetti fundoplication is safe and effective for treatment of GERD, with minimal post-operative side effects.

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