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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2011 February;66(1):41-8


language: Italian

Feasibility and effectiveness of laparoscopic right colectomy with extracorporeal anastomosis

Feroci F., Lenzi E., Kröning K. C., Moraldi L., Cantafio S., Borrelli A., Giaconi G., Scatizzi M.

Unità Operativa di Chirurgia Generale, Ospedale Misericordia e Dolce, Prato, Italia


AIM: Despite the laparoscopic right hemicolectomy has been validated by many randomized prospective trials, clear evidences on the validity of the totally mini-invasive technique, namely, through intracorporeal anastomosis, are still lacking. The aim of this study was the assessment of short-term outcome within three months from laparoscopic right colectomy with intra- or extra-corporeal anastomosis.
METHODS: With no exclusion, all patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy at our institution have been enrolled in this study. Group A included patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with extracorporeal anastomosis (LAC) and Group B, included patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis (TLC). Patients’ data, surgery details, results of postoperative period and histological tests have been prospectively recorded in a database and analysed.
RESULTS: Between December 2006 and December 2008, 45 patients underwent right hemicolectomy, 21 with extracorporeal anastomosis and 24 had intracorporeal ones. As to patients’ characteristics and histopathological results there are no difference between the groups. Anastomotic dehiscence occurred one in group A and one in group B (P>0.05). Both patients underwent reoperation. We recorded 6 postoperative ileus with vomiting in the LAC group and only 1 in the TLC group (P<0.05). The incidence of Non-Surgical Site Complications (NSSC) was of 4.54% in LAC group and 8.33% in TLC group (P>0.05). Hospitalization was of 5 days for both groups.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we believe that this technique is feasible in terms of safety; it doesn’t significatively affect the length of surgical procedure and guarantees maintenance of oncological radicality standards of reference. Besides it significatively improves quality of the post-operative period.

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