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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,877
Online ISSN 1827-1626
Feroci F., Kröning K. C., Lenzi E., Moraldi L., Borrelli A., Scatizzi M.
1 General Surgery Unit, Misericordia e Dolce Hospital, Prato, Italy;
2 General Surgery Unit, Misericordia Hospital, Grosseto, Italy
AIM: The aim of the “Fast-Track Surgery” program is to decrease the perioperative stress response to surgical trauma and thus to decrease the complication rates after elective surgery. Critics of the “Fast-Track”(FT) rehabilitation may argue that all reports of successful programs came from major specialised hospital units and that implementation in smaller or less specialised units may be difficult, if not impossible.
METHODS: We retrospectively studied 101 patients that, from November 2004 to October 2007, underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery in our institute. A detailed “Fast-Track Surgery” protocol was prepared and given to patients, physicians and nurses, with the aim to create a standard treatment. Data about demographics, ASA score, preoperative complicating diseases, diagnosis, type of surgery and postoperative clinical data were analyzed. Univariate analysis of the relationship among all factors (patient characteristics, intervention characteristics, protocol compliance and presence of complications) described here and length of hospital stay was performed.
RESULTS: We compared our results to those of major trials previously published and observed no substantial differences in morbidity, mortality and length of postoperative hospital stay between the two. Univariate analysis showed that compliance to the elements of the FT protocol influences the length of postoperative period more significantly than the patient characteristics or surgical procedure.
CONCLUSION: Based on six comparative single-centre studies, the FT program was found to reduce length of hospital stay and was deemed safe for major abdominal surgeries. The present study shows that enhanced recovery or FT program can also be implemented safely in a General Surgery Unit.