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  BEST OF LAPAROSCOPY, ENDOSCOPY AND MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY


Minerva Chirurgica 2009 August;64(4):373-94

language: English

Laparoscopic renal surgery

Sountoulides P. G., Kaufmann O. G., Kaplan A. G., Louie M. K., Mcdougall E. M., Clayman R. V.

Urology DepartmentUniversity of California, Irvine, CA, USA


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Renal surgery, radical nephrectomy in particular, was historically the first application of laparoscopic techniques in urology. Since then, laparoscopy has been constantly evolving to claim its position in the surgical armamentarium of the urologist for the treatment of both malignant and benign diseases of the kidney and upper urinary tract. Over the years of increasing surgical experience and exposure, along with the evolution in the techniques and instruments used, laparoscopy has emerged as an equally effective and even more attractive alternative to open surgery for certain indications. The currently available load of literature is able to prove beyond any doubt the oncologic efficacy and minimal morbidity of laparoscopy for the treatment of renal masses in the form of radical or partial laparoscopic nephrectomy and nephroureterectomy. On the other hand, one can claim that laparoscopy is not far from replacing open surgery for the management of benign conditions such as ureteropelvic junction obstruction and donor nephrectomy. This review on laparoscopic renal surgery will discuss the major applications, indications, techniques and outcomes of laparoscopy in the contemporary management of benign and malignant renal diseases while focusing on its benefits and drawbacks compared to open surgery.

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