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A Journal on Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Chirurgica 2009 February;64(1):1-8
Laparoscopically assisted Hartmann’s reversal is an efficacious and efficient procedure: a case control study
Chouillard E., Pierard T., Campbell R., Tabary N.
1 Department of General and Digestive Surgery Centre Hospitalier, Poissy, France
2 Department of Anesthesia Centre Hospitalier Poissy, France
Aim. Laparoscopy may lower the mortality and morbidity rates of Hartmann’s procedure reversal. However, it remains a challenging operation mainly due to adhesions of the small bowel and to the rectal stump.
Methods. We performed a retrospective review of 44 patients who had laparoscopic Hartmann’s reversal (Group A). On a case-control basis, these patients were compared to 44 patients (Group B) who had open Hartmann’s reversal.
Results. Preoperative patients’ characteristics (sex, gender, BMI, ASA status, prior surgery, comorbidities, colonic disease) were comparable. Conversion rate in Group A was 9.1%. Operative incidents were comparable in both groups. Operative duration was not significantly shorter in Group B (195 min versus 160 min in Group B). Mortality rate was 2.2 % and O % in group A and B, respectively. Overall morbidity rate was 11.4 % and 28.6 % in Group A and B, respectively (P<0.05). The mean length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in Group A (4.8 days) as compared to Group B (6.8 days), respectively. An efficiency analysis was performed and demonstrated that laparoscopic reversal did not generate a significant additional cost.
Conclusion. Our laparoscopic technique of Hartmann’s procedure reversal is safe and efficient. It compares positively with the same procedure performed openly in a case control study. Moreover, an indirect cost reduction is generated by the reduction of the length of hospital stay.