Home > Journals > Minerva Chirurgica > Past Issues > Minerva Chirurgica 2008 August;63(4) > Minerva Chirurgica 2008 August;63(4):261-8





A Journal on Surgery

Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,877




Minerva Chirurgica 2008 August;63(4):261-8

language: English

Natural orifices transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES): an overview of technical challenges and complications of transgastric procedures in anesthetized pigs

De Palma G. D., Persico F., Masone S., Belli A., Rega M., M. Persico M., Siciliano S., Salvatori F., Mastrobuoni G., Maione F., Coppola Bottazzi E., Girardi V., Dionisi M., Persico G.

Department of Surgery and Advanced Technologies Center for Technical Innovation in Surgery (ITC) University of Naples Federico II School of Medicine. Naples, Italy


Aim. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is a new reality that is progressively gaining popularity in the scientific community. The aim of this study was to report the authors’ experience with various peroral transgastric procedures performed on the porcine model. The technical difficulties and challenges that arose were also analyzed.
Methods. Ten anesthetized pigs, divided into an acute (3) and a survival group (7) underwent the following procedures using a double channel endoscope: peritoneoscopy (10), cholecystectomy (6),splenectomy (3), and gastrojejunostomy (3).
Results. All the procedures were completed successfully. There was one complication related to the gastric wall incision. In the survival experiment group all pigs (4) submitted to biliare procedures made an uncomplicated recovery after a follow-up period of 2 weeks. Gastrojejunostomies (3) were instead graved by one technical failure (anastomosis disruption at post-mortem examination) and one case of mortality (premature euthanasia for evidences of sepsis). Complete gastric cleansing was impossible to achieve and overinflation was a common problem. The creation of gastro-enteric anastomoses was technically difficult with the current available devices.
Conclusion. Transgastric endoscopic surgery is technically feasible in a porcine model. A new instrumentation is needed and could strongly help to overcome the technical difficulties highlighted. More extensive animal studies are mandatory in order to evaluate the benefits and the limitations of this new technique.

top of page

Publication History

Cite this article as

Corresponding author e-mail