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Minerva Chirurgica 2008 June;63(3):191-8

language: English

Surgical revascularization for chronic intestinal ischemia

Zerbib P., Khoury-Helou A., Lebuffe G., Massouille D., Nunes B., Chambon J. P.

Department of General and Vascular Surgery University Hospital of Lille, Lille, France


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Aim. The aim of this study was to assess outcome after surgical revascularization for chronic intestinal ischemia (CII).
Methods. From 1980 until 2003, 34 patients underwent revascularization for CII. Records were reviewed for operative technique, perioperative mortality and long-term outcomes. CII was diagnosed on the basis of clinical, arteriographic and angio-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) criteria. Revascularization patency was monitored by arteriography, color duplex ultrasound scanning (CDS), computed tomography (CT)-scanning or angio-MRI.
Results. The celiac artery (CA) was severely diseased in 26 cases and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in 30 cases. Four patients presented single-vessel, 15 patients two-vessel, and 15 three-vessel involvement. Revascula-rization was performed by either simple (N=15) or double (N=19) bypass grafting. In 2 patients bypass grafting was combined with reimplantation. One patient underwent reimplantation alone. Median follow-up was 45 months. The 30-day mortality rate was 3%; there were 22 late death (64%). Primary revascularization patency was 94% at 1 month and 79.4% at 4 years. Clinical success rates were 85% and 70% respectively at 1 month and at 4 years.
Conclusion. To choose the most suitable intervention, the Authors distinguished isolated CII treatable by single SMA revascularization from the digestive arteritis affecting the supramesocolic level of the abdomen, which requires double CA and SMA revascularization.

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