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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,877
Online ISSN 1827-1626
La Pinta M. 1, Fabi A.2, Ascarelli A.3, Ponzani T. 3, Di Carlo V. 3, Scicchitano F. 4, Saputo S. 1, Russillo M. 2, Andrich R. 1
1 Breast Unit San Giovanni-Addolorata Hospital, Rome
2 Division of Medical Oncology A, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy
3 Department of Radiology San Giovanni-Addolorata Hospital, Rome, Italy
4 Department of Surgery, Sant’Andrea Hospital Rome, Italy
Aim. Breast cancer in men is a very rare neoplasm accounting 1% of all breast cancer with an incidence ratio of 1:100 of men to women and about 1% of all malignancies in men. On the basis of the literature review the authors tried to determine the main characteristics of this rare neoplasm in terms of epidemiology, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and survival.
Methods. The authors report the experience of the Breast Unit of the San Giovanni – Addolorata Hospital in Rome, where 4 cases of male breast cancer were observed and treated over 784 breast cancers.
Results. All tumours were ductal carcinomas. The extent of disease was as follows: 3 cases with stage I and 1 case with Stage IIIB; in two cases estrogen and progesterone receptors expression was 100% and in the other two cases it was 20-80%. Median follow up was 57.5 months. At present, after 6-year follow up the three patients with stage I are in good conditions; the patient with stage III died after 27 months with metastatic disease.
Conclusions. Surgical treatment remains the gold standard in male breast cancer. The prognosis for males with breast cancer is similar to female patients on equal terms of stage of disease. Adjuvant therapy is based on retrospective studies of male breast cancer conducted over the past 20 years using the guidelines for breast cancer in women.