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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,877
Online ISSN 1827-1626
Parini U., Fabozzi M., Brachet Contul R., Lale Murix E., Millo P.
Department of General Surgery Valle d’Aosta Regional Hospital, Aosta, Italy
Aim. Severe obesity is a major health problem affecting more than 1 000 000 people in Italy, with a 95% failure rate of nonsurgical treatments. We report our over five-years experience with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP), evaluating the postoperative course of the patients undergoing 3 different gastro-esophageal anastomosis technique: Gagner procedure (87 cases) (34.8%), the purse-string approach (93 cases) (37.2%), robotic-assisted gastric bypass (68 cases) (27.2%) and by laparoscopic hand sewn anastomosis (2 cases) (0.8%).
Methods. Between October 2000 and February 2006, we performed LRYGBP on 250 patients (77 male and 173 female aged from 16 to 65 years [mean age 43.1 years] and with an average body mass index of 51.1 kg/m2 [35-99]). Comorbidities were: hypertension, type II diabetes, hyperlipemia, osteoarthritis, chronic restrictive pulmonary insufficiency, sleep apnea, deep venous thrombosis.
Results. The mean operative time was 142.3 min (80-420) with a mean hospitalization of 9.8 days (5-44). Eighteen major complications were recorded. There were no deaths. The mean percent excess body weight loss was 47.2±18.2% after 1 year (212 patients), 66.2± 19.4% after 2 years (178 patients), 78.2±12.4% after 3 years (139 patients), 80.6±11.7% after 4 years (101 patients), and 82.5±10.2% after 5 years (67 patients). Nearly all of the comorbidities were solved or improved. Bariatric analysis and reporting outcome system results after 5 years were excellent, good or fair in 100% of the subject evaluated.
Conclusion. Although requiring the skill of an expert surgeon, LRYGBP is one of the most effective procedure available today to induce long-term weight loss, with limited nutritional risks and better prospects for improved quality of life.