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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,877
Online ISSN 1827-1626
Casciola L., Ceccarelli G., Stefanoni M., Spaziani A., Conti D., Bartoli A., Di Zitti L., Valeri R., Bellochi R., Rambotti M.
Unità di Chirurgia Vascolare e Mininvasiva ASL 3 Umbria, Spoleto, Perugia
Aim. About 2/3 of the Western population over the age of 80 years are affected by colic diverticulosis; 25% will develop diverticular disease with or without complications: fistula, obstruction, pericolic abscess, free perforation or hemorrhage. Laparoscopic approach for benign diseases of the colon such as diverticulosis, Chrohn’s disease, etc. is unanimously considered as a very effective procedure. We have performed a retrospective analysis of 9 years with laparoscopic approach of the diverticular disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility, safety and benefits of laparoscopic approach.
Methods. From May 1994 to November 2002, 69 patients affected by non-complicated diverticular disease, were treated laparoscopically, at the Mininvasive Surgery Department of Spoleto. In the same period other 213 patients suffering from cancer of the colon-rectum were operated through laparoscopic surgery. A colosigmoid resection with mesenteric inferior artery preservation was performed in 46 cases (67%).
Results. We have performed only a laparoscopic colectomy technique (no hand-assisted procedures); the convertion rate was of 7.2%, the mean operative time was 145 min, no intraoperative complications were observed and finally the mean hospital stay was of 7.4 days (6-9). The postoperative complications were 1 case of infection of the umbilical scar and 1 case of pleural effusion with bronchopneumonia.
Conclusion. Elective laparoscopic colectomy for diverticular disease is feasible, safe and gives very good results: minimum postoperative discomfort, rapid recovery, low morbility and postoperative stay, rapid return to normal activities. However, in some cases, this procedure can be extremely difficult because of previous inflammatory complications (adhesions, fistulas or stenosis), therefore, high surgical skills in laparoscopic-colic surgery are required.