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  UPDATE ON LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY


Minerva Chirurgica 2005 October;60(5):351-62

language: English

Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: an evolution in surgery

Bianco F. J. Jr , Guillonneau B.


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The late 1990s witnessed an unprecedented evolution in the surgical approaches to the prostate thru the eye of the laparoscope. Initially taken with doubt, laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) has gained tremendous popularity and widespread implementation at specialized centers worldwide becoming the standard in many of them. LRP represents a technically demanding laparoscopic procedure but it can be performed systematically with standard techniques. Obvious advantages are shorter convalescence and markedly lower operative blood loss without compromise of cancer control. Long-term functional and oncological results are maturing but early reports of positive surgical margin rates and freedom from prostate-specific antigen (PSA) recurrence rates after LRP are encouraging. Early quality of life results of postoperative urinary and sexual function appear similar to those in open surgical series. The real challenge for laparoscopic surgeons entails a paradigm swift, one that breaks off from the traditional and bias impetus, and tests the instruments, procedures, techniques differences and evaluates outcomes in a prospective controlled and randomized manner. If achieved, the laparoscopic movement may give rise to a generation of forward thinking surgeons generating a wealth of clinical evidence for their patients.

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