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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2005 October;60(5):305-26


language: English

Image-guided laparoscopic surgery. Review and current status

Mårvik R., Langø T., Tangen G. A., Lindseth F., Yavuz Y., Nagelhus Hernes T. A.


The main drawback with laparoscopic surgery is that the surgeon is unable to palpate vessels, tumours and organs during surgery. Further-more, the laparoscope only provides a surface view of organs. There is a need for more advanced visualizations techniques that can enhance the display presented to the surgeon so that important information below the surface of the organs is included when planning the procedure as well as for guidance and control during treatment. In this paper, we present a review of the literature and the state of art within image-guided laparoscopic surgery. We describe our own experience using a prototype navigation system for advanced visualizations and guidance during laparoscopic procedures in the retroperitoneum. Furthermore, we show sample images from the Future Operating Room for laparoscopic surgery in Trondheim, where this technology is being further developed and tested in clinical studies. Our system is based on three-dimensional navigation technology, i.e. preoperatively acquired magnetic resonance or computed tomography data used in combination with tracked instruments, allowing the surgeon to interactively control the display of images prior to and during surgery with normal use of the instruments. In summary, we believe that abdominal image navigation using tracked instruments and advanced visualizations has a large potential for improving future laparoscopic surgery, especially in cases where vessels and anatomical relations beyond surfaces is difficult to identify using only a laparoscope. The technology helps the surgeon to better understand the anatomy and locate blood vessels. Accordingly, we believe that this new technology could increase safety and make it easier for the surgeon to perform successful laparoscopic surgery.

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