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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2005 June;60(3):185-90

language: Italian

Occurrence of sinchronous colorectal cancer metastasis in the cirrhotic or fatty liver

Iascone C., Ruperto M., Barillari P.


Aim. Metastases from colorectal cancers rarely occur in injured livers, however this phenomenon has not been fully investigated in patients with different degree of liver damage. Therefore in this study we evaluated the incidence of synchronous hepatic metastases in patients with fatty or cirrhotic liver submitted to surgery for colorectal neoplasms.
Methods. Seven hundred and forty-seven patients undergoing surgical treatment for colorectal neoplasms were evaluated: the clinicopathological data of 171 patients with liver cirrhosis and 33 with fatty liver were compared to those of 543 patients without liver damage.
Results. Gender, age, type of operative procedures performed and histological grading were similar in patients with or without liver damage. In patients with liver cirrhosis the incidence of stage II tumour was greater, while stage IV tumours (P<0.001) and nodal involvement were significantly lower than in patients with non injured or fatty liver (P<0.02 and P<0.001 respectively) . At the time of surgery, synchronous hepatic metastases were present in 32% of patients with normal liver, in 15% of patients with fatty liver (P<0.02) and in 4.7% of patients with liver cirrhosis (P<0.001).
Conclusion. Results of our study show that synchronous hepatic metastases of colorectal cancer are less frequently observed in patients with fatty or cirrhotic liver than in patients with non injured liver, indicating that chronically damaged livers are protected from the spread of secondary cancers.

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