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Minerva Chirurgica 2005 February;60(1):55-60

language: Italian

Appendicectomy: laparoscopic versus open treatment. A case survey

Corsale I., Buccianelli E., Sorce S., Aloise F., Bartolomei M., Mori P., Rigutini M., Veltroni A.


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Aim. Laparoscopy is actually the gold standard approach in many surgical procedures: this consideration is still controversial as to appendectomy.
Methods. From 2000 to 2004 we have performed 257 appendectomies: 51 (20%) in laparoscopic approach. Preoperative diagnosis has been formulated on blood parameters, abdominal or, sometimes, transvaginal ultrasonography.
Results. Two hundred and fifthy-seven surgical operations, 62 laparoscopic, have been performed for suspicious appendicitis. In the laparoscopic procedures, 11 revealed various diseases without appendicitis. In the remaining 51 cases, appendectomy has been performed totally intra-abdominal and none case turned to laparotomic conversion. Operative times were between 27 and 105 min in the laparoscopic appendectomies (LA) and between 18 and 46 min in the laparotomic appendectomies (OA). In 7.3% of OA and in 3.9% of LA wall infections occurred, as well as abdominal abscesses in 1% of OA and in 4% of LA. Postoperative discharge was after 3.3 days and bowel canalisation appeared at 10-18 hours from the surgery, in OA and in LA.
Conclusion. On the basis of these results, the conclusion is drawn that, although discordant opinions in the literature, the advantages of the laparoscopic approach compared to laparotomic approach is still to be demonstrated, both in advantages for the patient and in costs. Laparoscopy is the better surgerical technique when the preoperative diagnosis is not clear, particulary in young women or in elderly, in whom a colic neoplasm may be suspected.

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