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Minerva Chirurgica 2005 February;60(1):11-6

language: Italian

Long-term results of neoajuvant treatment in epidermoid carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus

Pedrazzani C., Laterza E., Pasini F., Grandinetti A., Bernini M., Giacopuzzi S., Zerman G., Tasselli S., Ruzzenente A., De Manzoni G.


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Aim. Surgery is considered the mainstay of therapy for clinically resectable esophageal cancer, even though neoadjuvant treatments are frequently added. The aim of this study was to analyse our experience on neoadjuvant treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus with special reference to long-term results.
Methods. The results of 66 patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus at the 1st Division of General Surgery, University of Verona, from February 1995 to December 2002 were analysed statistically. The median follow-up period for the surviving patients was 65.3 months.
Results. The induction treatment was completed in 93.9% of cases, with a null treatment related mortality and a complication rate of 34.8%. Sixty-one out of the 66 patients (92.4%) underwent resection with a R0-resection rate of 83.9%. A major pathological response (responders) was gained in 42.6% of the cases, with a complete response (pT0N0) observed in 29.5% of the cases. Overall 5-year survival for the 66 patients was 30%, while the 5-year survival rate raised to 43% in R0-patients. A better long-term survival was observed for responders with respect to ³non-responders² with a 5-year survival rate of 70% and 13%, respectively (P<0.001).
Conclusion. This neoadjuvant protocol regimen represents a feasible treatment with an acceptable morbidity. The tumor efficacy in term of pathological responses was similar to literature results. An high rate of R0-resections was achieved with a possibility of cure limited to this group of patients. A better long-term survival was observed in patients with major pathological responses.

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