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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2004 August;59(4):387-96

language: Italian

Surgical treatment of pilonidal disease. Results with the Bascom's technique

Zorcolo L., Capra F., Scintu F., Casula G.


Aim. Pilonidal sinus is a considerable source of problems in young patients both in terms of discomfort and in time off to work. Many procedures have been proposed for its treatment but most of them present substantial persistence/recurrence rates. Surgical procedures avoiding a wound in the midline are most likely to succeed. Bascom's technique is the simplest and successful method. The aim of this study is to retrospectively evaluate the results of the Bascom's procedure performed by the authors as to healing time and recurrence rate. All patients with chronic pilonidal disease, treated with Bascom's technique were re-viewed. Complications, healing time and long-term follow-up were considered.
Results. A total of 74 patients (52 males, and 22 females), were admitted to the study. The mean age was 26 years; 69 had a small sinus with 1-2 tracks. Three patients (4%) had postoperative bleeding or wound infection. Mean healing time was 39 days but all patients were able to return to work within 1 week from the operation. The mean period of follow-up was 45 months. Six patients developed recurrence (9,2%). Only 3 of them, (because symptomatic) required a second operation.
Conclusion. Bascom's technique is simple and suitable for one-day surgery with local anesthesia. It also gives favorable results as to return to work and rate of recurrence. Therefore, it is suggested as the procedure of choice in the initial treatment of symptomatic pilonidal disease.

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