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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2004 August;59(4):369-78


language: Italian

Tension-free laparoscopic versus open inguinal hernia repair

Onofrio L., Cafaro D., Manzo F., Cristiano S. F., Sgromo B., Ussia G.


Aim. During the last decade laparoscopic techniques have been applied to the treatment of inguinal hernia to combine tension-free technique, esthetic, and functional benefits of mini-invasive surgery. Anyway controversy persists regarding the most effective inguinal hernia repair. The aim of this study is to compare the open technique and the laparoscopic approach concerning: complications, recurrences, recovery time and return to usual activity.
Methods. A randomized prospective analysis of 121 consecutive inguinal hernia repairs was performed over a 12-month period. Male well-informed patients with primary monolateral inguinal hernia (ASA I-II) were divided into 2 groups and consecutively treated; group A was treated with laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal approach (TAPP) (median age 47±7 years, 57 patients), group B with open mesh herniorrhaphy (45±6 years, 64 patients).
Results. Complication rate was 5.26% for group A (none needed conversion) and 4.68% for group B. All complications were considered minor. No recurrences were observed over a 12-month follow-up in both groups. Post-operative hospital stay and return to activity show statistically significant differences. Median post-hospital stay was 1.7 days for group A while it was longer (2.9 days) for group B. Significant difference was observed in the duration of convalescence too (group A 9.3±7.2 days; group B 12.1±7. 1 days).
Conclusion. On the basis of our experience, even if a longer follow-up is needed, the validity of laparoscopic approach to inguinal hernia is confirmed. General anesthesia and higher costs are reasonable compromises for a shorter period of discomfort in patients with a low ASA index and busy job/sport activity.

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