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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,877
Online ISSN 1827-1626
Casciola L., Ceccarelli G., Di Zitti L., Valeri R., Bellochi R., Bartoli A., Barbieri F., Spaziani A., D'Ajello M.
Background. Laparoscopic colo-rectal surgery has gained wide acceptance as a treatment in a variety of benign and malignant diseases. The reproducibility and safety of all the principal colo-rectal procedures has been demonstrated, but some indications are still controversial. A great part of surgeons perform right hemicolectomy by laparo-assisted technique and consider it more difficult than left hemicolectomy.
Methods. A retrospective analysis of a series of 180 laparoscopic colon resections performed between 1994 and 2001 is presented. Surgical indications were: 46 cases of benign disorders and 134 colonic malignancy. The right hemicolectomy were 27 (15%): 2 benign and 25 malignant diseases. The technical aspects of completely laparoscopic right hemicolectomy is described in details. A completely mechanical intra-corporeal anastomosis is always performed. To remove the bowel specimen from the abdominal cavity it is put it in a large bag and pull it out of a 3-4 cm enlargement of a trocar-site (in the umbilical scar).
Results. Data of the 27 laparoscopic right hemicolectomy were analysed: there was 1 conversion to open surgery; no intra-operative complications were observed; the postoperative period was complicated by 1 anastomotic fistula. The median operative time was of 150 minutes. No case of port-site recurrence was observed.
Conclusions. The laparoscopic colo-rectal surgery can reproduce in selected patients, the techniques performed in open surgery with minimally invasive treatment. It is possible to perform a completely laparoscopic right hemicolectomy after an adequate training in advanced laparoscopy, anyway there are many advantages: less postoperative pain, short-term postoperative ileus, earlier return to daily activity.