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A Journal on Surgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Chirurgica 2003 August;58(4):621-8
Laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis. Technical aspects and personal experience
Casciola L., Ceccarelli G., Di Zitti L., Valeri R., Bellochi R., Bartoli A., Barbieri F., Spaziani A., D'Ajello M.
Background. Laparoscopic colo-rectal surgery has gained wide acceptance as a treatment in a variety of benign and malignant diseases. The reproducibility and safety of all the principal colo-rectal procedures has been demonstrated, but some indications are still controversial. A great part of surgeons perform right hemicolectomy by laparo-assisted technique and consider it more difficult than left hemicolectomy.
Methods. A retrospective analysis of a series of 180 laparoscopic colon resections performed between 1994 and 2001 is presented. Surgical indications were: 46 cases of benign disorders and 134 colonic malignancy. The right hemicolectomy were 27 (15%): 2 benign and 25 malignant diseases. The technical aspects of completely laparoscopic right hemicolectomy is described in details. A completely mechanical intra-corporeal anastomosis is always performed. To remove the bowel specimen from the abdominal cavity it is put it in a large bag and pull it out of a 3-4 cm enlargement of a trocar-site (in the umbilical scar).
Results. Data of the 27 laparoscopic right hemicolectomy were analysed: there was 1 conversion to open surgery; no intra-operative complications were observed; the postoperative period was complicated by 1 anastomotic fistula. The median operative time was of 150 minutes. No case of port-site recurrence was observed.
Conclusions. The laparoscopic colo-rectal surgery can reproduce in selected patients, the techniques performed in open surgery with minimally invasive treatment. It is possible to perform a completely laparoscopic right hemicolectomy after an adequate training in advanced laparoscopy, anyway there are many advantages: less postoperative pain, short-term postoperative ileus, earlier return to daily activity.