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Minerva Chirurgica 2003 August;58(4):571-80

language: Italian

So-called benign broncho-esophageal fistula

Ferrante G., Gentile M., Griffo S. G. R., Fraioli G., Liberti D.


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Broncho-oesophageal fistula are rare lesions and may be benign and malign. The articles in medical literature generally concern one case of BEF, and rarely more cases. The idea of kindness doesn't think over the importance of this disease wether the aetiology or the bronchopulmonary complications. The aetiology in the past was connected to tuberculosis or toxoplasmosis, now to bacterial, viral or fungal infections. The Authors report three acquired cases an one congenital. They confirm the importance of anamnesis, symptomatology and oesophagography for diagnosis and CT scan for detection of pulmonary lesions. The treatment is surgical with resection of fistula and suture of the oesophagus and bronchus interposing pleura or pericardium or intercostals muscle.

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