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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,877
Online ISSN 1827-1626
Filingeri V., Rosati R., Gravante G., Pietrasanta D., Fiorito R., Casciani C. U.
Background. Postoperative pain has always been the main adverse effect of surgical treatment for hemorrhoids. Therefore, surgical techniques evolved mainly to solve this problem and, secondly, postoperative bleeding, recurrences and stenosis.
Methods. Two homogeneous groups of 20 patients each were investigated. Both of them were affected by fourth grade hemorrhoidal prolapse and were homogeneous for age, sex and presentation symptoms. Patients previously treated for other proctologic diseases were excluded. A group was treated with standard Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy and the other with radiofrequency scissors. Every patient underwent a follow-up protocol based on outpatient visits at 15, 30, 45 postoperative days and 3, 6 and 12 months.
Results. The results show a substantial similarity between these techniques. However, radiofrequency scissors further improved the simplicity of the technique and the postoperative adverse effects. In particular, the procedure lasted 7 minutes less with radiofrequency scissors. Patients treated with the radiofrequency technique had their first postoperative evacuation 24 hours before the standard technique and reduced the mean postoperative hospital stay at 2.5 days (4.5 days in the standard group). The incidence of postoperative pain was reduced in patients treated with radiofrequency scalpel and the follow-up controls in both groups didn't show any complication as stenosis or incontinence.
Conclusions. The radiofrequency-performed Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy is a valuable technique that improves the classical difficulties in execution, reducing the length of hospital stay and the incidence of postoperative pain or other complications.