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Minerva Chirurgica 2003 April;58(2):175-80

language: Italian

Endoscopic palliative tratment of the common bile duct at the hepatic hilum. Results in 583 patients treated in a single Center over a 10-year period

De Palma G. D., Persico F., Masone S., Labianca O., Mastantuono L., Di Marino M., Persico G.


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Background. The outcomes of endoscopic biliary drainage for malignant stenoses at the hepatic hilum were retrospectively evaluated.
Methods. From January 1990 to June 2001, 583 patients, 368 males, average age 69±18.5 years, were recruited. Endoscopic procedure consisted of insertion of 1 ore multiple stents, plastic or metallic, across the stricture, under mild sedation.
Results. Successful stent insertion was achieved in 518/583 (88.8%) patients and successful drainage in 474 (81.3%) patients. Early complications were observed in 101 (17.3%) patients with related-mortality of 17 (2.9%) patients. Late complications occurred in 39.9% of patients. Survival was of 189 days, on average.
Conclusions. Endoscopic palliation should be the initial management of choice for malignant biliary stenoses at the hepatic hilum.

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