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Minerva Chirurgica 2002 October;57(5):695-8

language: Italian

Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix. Case report and review of the literature

Rassu P. C., Cassinelli G., Ronzitti F., Bronzino P., Stanizzi T., Casaccia M.


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A rare case of primary adenocarcinoma of the vermiform appendix (less than 250 cases described in the literature) in a 36 year-old female patient presenting signs and symptoms of an acute appendicitis is reported. Adeno-carcinoma of the vermiform appendix is a rare neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract with an incidence of about 0,01-0,2%. Usually the diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the vermiform appendix is difficult because symptoms and signs are not pathognomonic. In the case described, the diagnosis was intra and postoperative and confirmed by the pathological examination of the surgical specimens. At laparotomy, performed under suspicion of an acute appendicitis, disseminated disease was discovered, characterized by the involvement of the two ovaries, the left colon, the cecum, the vermiform appendix, with a peritoneal carcinosis and a hydroureteronephrosis. According to the dissemination of the disease, the surgical treatment was right hemicolectomy, anterior resection of left colon, bilateral oophorectomy and omentectomy. The post-operative course was regular. Adjuvant therapy was performed for 6 cycles, with 5FU and oxaliplatinum. The patient is still alive after 6 months and there is no sign of progression of the disease. A mild left hydroureteronephrosis is persistent.

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