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ORIGINAL ARTICLES  XV CONGRESSO NAZIONALE DELLA SOCIETÀ POLISPECIALISTICA DEI GIOVANI CHIRURGHI


Minerva Chirurgica 2002 June;57(3):357-62

language: English, Italian

Rectal perforations. Personal experience and literature review

Di Venere B., Testini M., Miniello S., Piccinni G., Lissidini G., Carbone F., Bonomo G. M.


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Background. Rectal perforation presents high morbidity and mortality and its treatment is still not standardized, it is still rather based on the surgeon's personal experience. This retrospective trial, with a literature review, aims to define these types of lesions, and tries to identify the diagnostic and therapeutic options able to reduce related morbidity and mortality.
Methods. On 1175 operations conducted for colo-rectal emergency, over a ten-year period at our institution, fourteen consecutive patients (1.2%) were seen and treated for rectal perforation. In 43% of cases the treatment consisted in Hartmann's procedure, in the 28.5% ones in rectal wound repair with diverting colostomy and in 28.5% left in diverting colostomy alone.
Results. There were no postoperative complications in 86% of patients, and no deaths from sepsis. In 28.5% of cases intestinal continuity was restored at our institution.
Conclusions. Our results demonstrate that a standardized protocol which is based on patients' conditions, type and degree of rectal injury and of peritonitis, must be followed in order to determine the type of surgical option and consequently to reduce the morbidity and mortality related to rectal perforation.

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