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Minerva Chirurgica 2002 June;57(3):341-6

XV CONGRESSO NAZIONALE DELLA SOCIETÀ POLISPECIALISTICA DEI GIOVANI CHIRURGHI 

 ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Utility of a scoring system in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in pediatric age. A retrospective study

Impellizzeri P., Centonze A., Antonuccio P., Turiaco N., Cifalà S., Basile M., Argento S., Romeo C.

Background. Acute appendicitis is the most frequent cause of surgical emergency in pediatric age. The aim of this study has been to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a scoring system, retrospectively applied, to the clinical and laboratory parameters in patients with acute appendicitis.
Methods. A group of 156 patients admitted for acute abdominal pain and operated for appendectomy, in the last 3 years, has been included in the study. The mean age was 8.4 years. The modified Alvarado score has been used as scoring system: white count, neutrophil count, fibrinogen level, body temperature, resistance in the right iliac fossa, length of symptoms, nausea/vomiting. The score has been calculated for each patient. They were subdivided into 3 groups. Group I (score 1-4), no admission; Group II (5-6), admission and observation; Group III (7-10), surgery. This subdivision was then compared with the intraoperative notes.
Results. Patients were divided into 3 groups. Group I, 24 patients (15%); Group II, 34 patients (22%); Group III, 98 patients (63%). On the basis of the intraoperative notes 61 patients had acute appendicitis and 95 complicated acute appendicitis. In this last subgroup the score gave a percentage of patients to operate of 90.5%.
Conclusions. With the present work we confirm the utility of a scoring system in the preoperative diagnosis of acute appendicitis and in our opinion it is a useful system for a first, rapid and economic evaluation in the pediatric emergency department.

language: English, Italian


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