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Minerva Chirurgica 2002 February;57(1):73-80

language: Italian

Breast inflammations: clinical observations and principles of treatment

Catania S., Zuccon W., Mezzasalma F., Mardani R., Del Prato I.


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In this study some clinical and etiopathogenetic principles, and the most appropriate treatment for breast inflammation are discussed. In the majority of cases, differential diagnosis is made not only through clinical diagnosis but also through cytological examination and ultrasonography. Of the forms reported, we considered the different inflammatory, glandular and extraglandular, peripheral and central mastites; among the latter in particular periductal mastitis and duct ectasia. Medical treatment is the answer for some forms, while for others, as for example mammillary fistula, we prefer, in agreement with some authors, the surgery of fistulectomy and healing by first intention; for the peripheral abscesses we prefer US-guided percutaneous drainage. This article stresses the importance of clinical diagnosis, pathogenetic history, and adequate treatment in efforts to improve both the knowledge of the surgeon and the quality of life of the patient.

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