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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2001 August;56(4):409-12

language: Italian

Serious complications after vertical banded gastroplasty. Case report

Franciosi C. M., Mussi C., Angelini C., Romano F., Musco F., Caprotti R., Uggeri F.


Vertical banded gastroplasty, reported by Mason in 1982, is an effective method to control pathologic obesity (BMI>40 kg/m2). With the widespread of this procedure and the introduction of laparoscopic approach several complications are described in literature: gastroesophageal reflux, esophagitis, gastritis, gastric bleeding and perforations, prolonged vomit, dislocation of gastric ring, cholelithiasis, gastric fistulas, gastric stomal stenosis, dehiscence of vertical stomach staple line. From 2 to 10% of patients are reoperated because of inefficacy of treatment or short and long-term complications. Morbidity and mortality associated to reoperations are still high and it is difficult to identify criteria for an appropriate revision procedure. This can occur through endoscopy, laparotomy or laparoscopy, depending on clinical and radiologic feature. Dehiscence of vertical stomach staple line, observed in 10-20% of cases, even if asymptomatic, can lead to bad complications such as fistulas, peritonitis and sepsis. The case of a young woman, who underwent a vertical banded gastroplasty for pathologic obesity (117 kg, h 167 cm, BMI 42/m2) and subsequent laparotomies in the attempt to correct vertical staple line dehiscence, is reported. The patient came to our observation in a septic shock caused by peritonitis and ARDS and a total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y esophago-jejunostomy was performed.

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